why carryout bag fees are more effective than plastic bag bans
The plastic bag \"ban\" sounds like a final comprehensive policy option, in part because the \"bag ban\" is a term that usually enters the American vocabulary as an abbreviation for bag law.
However, the cost component is the policy factor that has so far changed consumer behavior and reduced the most effective way to pick up the package consumption.
US ban on \"straight\" plastic bagsS.
Generally, it is forbidden to use thin plastic bags, and paper and reusable plastic bags can still be used free of charge;
This style of regulation is sometimes called the \"first generation\" ban on plastic bags.
Direct bans often result in free use of any alternative by consumers, which means consuming free paper and thicker plastic bags that conform to the \"reusable bags (2.
25 miles thick according to most laws)
With thin consumption, it often increases to a certain extent.
The use of plastic bags is reduced.
In recent years, direct plastic bag bans in Chicago and Hawaii have led many stores, including Wal-Mart, to increase the thickness of plastic bags to 2.
25 miles across the separation \"single-
According to many bag methods, use \"plastic\" from \"reusable\" plastic bags \".
In response to the failure of the direct plastic bag ban to achieve the desired results, Chicago recently lifted the plastic bag ban and turned to support 7-
All the money for carrying luggage.
The root cause of all this is the history of the plastics industry, as well as, to a lesser extent, the plastic industry, which has threatened to sue any jurisdiction that directly prohibits plastic bags.
Plastic bag manufacturers are clearly interested in protecting an unregulated market for their products, and the plastics industry trade group has been lobbying against bag bans and charges since the idea was first articulated.
Plastic bag manufacturers also found the lawsuit
Prosecution of cities to stop adopting or enforcing bans and charges
It is very effective to slow down the adoption of the bag method.
The best reason for the plastic industry to oppose the ban is environmental protection, and if plastic bags are banned, people will only use paper (
Or something free)
So the result of the ban could be worse for the environment.
The motivation for Grocer\'s industry groups not wanting a direct ban is different, mainly because the cost of paper bags is much higher than that of plastic: the cost of thin plastic bags is 1-
The cost of 3 cents and paper bags with handles and recycles is about 8-10 cents.
In practice, laws prohibiting plastics and not asking for a fee for paper bags often result in the store offering paper free of charge, as the store wants to ensure that consumers buy as much as possible, and most grocery stores don\'t want to risk offending customers by charging paper bags without a mandatory charge.
The cost of free supply of more expensive paper bags reduces the profit of the factory.
As a result, the grocery store association often objects to a direct ban on plastic bags and sometimes brings a lawsuit (
Including one in New York.
Many of the same arguments made using the plastics industry group.
The proceedings of these plastic industry and grocers focus on weighing in detail the advantages of plastic and paper as well as various reusable bags, as to comparing greenhouse gas emissions from paper bags and plastics because of the increased consumption of paper bags, paper takes up more space in extra trucks that are idling in front of trucks and shops.
Many cities have struggled in court for years with these lawsuits about direct bans, with mixed results.
As a response to no real change in consumer behavior caused by a direct ban, and threat lawsuits from harmless industry groups --
Sounds like an alliance to support the plastic bag recycling and save the Plastic Bag Alliance, cities that are pioneers in the direct ban on plastic bags --
Start adding a minimum fee for paper bags and reusable bags.
These new regulations maintain a ban on thin plastic and add 10-
All other carry bags, including any type of paper and reusable bags, are charged a penny.
These new bans/charged hybrids are considered to be \"second generation bans\" and they are more effective:
Consumption of bags is reduced.
When the customer is suddenly asked, \"Do you want to buy a bag for this?
Bag consumption fell sharply.
For example, in San Jose, California, with the implementation of the regulation, reusable bag usage has increased significantly, from almost 4% of bags observed to about 62% of bags observed.
Washington, D. C-
The cost of paper and plastic bags that came into effect on 2010 fell by 60%, resulting in a decrease in the overall single bag
Use bags and corresponding bags of garbage in the river there.
Of the residents surveyed in Washington, DC, 80% were positive or neutral about the postage.
One advantage of the cost of all bags compared to ban/charge hybrid is that many people use thin plastic bags as padding for small trash cans and pick them up after dogs, and charging fees can still charge a small amount so that people don\'t feel the need to spend more on specialized alternatives, however, this cost makes consumers more concerned about whether a package is needed for each purchase.
The money for the package fee has its own challenge wherever it is spent.
When the city began to impose bag charges outside of Washington, D. C. , the plastics industry group found another reason for the prosecution.
Cities and towns are generally not entitled to tax unless expressly permitted by the state.
Washington, D. C. is not part of a state, so can levy 5-
S. tax on the package and use part of the money generated for package education and river cleaningup fund.
However, when other cities begin to discuss the collection of paper bags and send the money back to the local government for similar cleaning,
For educational purposes, they are again threatened by litigation, this time because of taxes that violate the Constitution.
In order to avoid this illegal claim, the municipality-
Including Los Angeles County-
Retailers are required to charge 10 cents for paper bags and the full cost must be borne by the retailer.
Los Angeles County has been sued, and the California appeals court believes that mandatory charges cannot be considered as taxes due to the government\'s lack of money.
Law of laxian County (
It is forbidden to charge 10 cents for thin plastic and paper)was upheld.
Many other cities in the United States. S.
Then follow the mode of LA County and ask for all the expenses to stay in the store.
Plastic industry groups often use the fact that money that prohibits plastic bags must be legally left in the hands of retailers to discredit the law as a \"grocer\"getting-
But the truth is, for local legislators, where they can go with money on bags, and perhaps more importantly, 5-
10 cents is roughly equal to the cost of providing a bag. The take-
The family lesson here is whether it\'s the bag fee for all bags or the ban/fee hybrid that covers all types of bags, is the most effective way to reduce overall bag consumption and avoid prosecution in the process
In addition, many New York residents
Use a plastic bag as a trash liner or pick it up after their dog, so the cost of all bags is considered the best policy option in New York.
The city council passed the BYOBag law in New York, at least 5-
All the money for carrying luggage in May 2016.
New York law is scheduled to be implemented in February 15, 2017, unless the New York State Legislature blocks this expense through the preemptive rights act.
To learn more about the preempting Act, visit the website of Brad Rand, member of the Council of New York, visit the BagItNYC Facebook page, and if you want to show your support for New York law, signing a petition against preoccupation